Ailments in a growing child, related to the brain and nerves require the immediate attention of a a neurologist. Here are some neurological conditions listed by a leading neurologist in Bangalore.
Seizures: Commonly known as ‘fits’, a seizure is an abnormal, disorderly discharging of the brain’s nerve cells, resulting in a temporary disturbance of motor, sensory, or mental function. When seizures happen repeatedly, the child is said to have epilepsy. A febrile seizure happens during an illness such as ear infection, chicken pox or cold accompanied by fever. Infants and children should be referred to a neurologist at the onset of the first unprovoked seizure (seizure not triggered by infection or fever), especially if the seizures occur often or are prolonged (lasting more than 5 minutes).
Tourette Syndrome: This condition is characterised by multiple motor tics (repetitive, involuntary eye blinking, coughing, throat clearing, sniffing, and facial movements) and at least one vocal tic. This condition often co exists with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). It is observed that more boys (than girls) exhibit this syndrome. Neurologists recommend pharmacology and behavioural therapy in addition to educating the family about the management of the condition.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Children with this condition have trouble with impulse control and focussing attention. ADHD is diagnosed in childhood and teenage and often continues into adulthood. Management of the condition includes counselling, lifestyle changes, behavioural therapy and medication.
Down’s syndrome: This is caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children with this syndrome have distinct physical features such as a short neck and a flat face, with some level of mental disability. Speech, physical and occupational therapy are needed. This condition may co exist with seizures or spinal cord problems, so a consultation with a neurologist is of paramount importance.
Cerebral Palsy: Children with this condition have poor coordination, stiff muscles, weak muscles, and tremors. There may be problems with sensation, vision, hearing, swallowing, and speaking. Development milestones such as sitting, crawling, or walking will be delayed when compared to other children. In addition to medication, neurologists will evaluate surgery for specific cases.
Consultation with a leading neurologist in Bangalore, will bring clarity and direction to parents whose children exhibit any of the signs listed above. Timely intervention and action has helped many children lead day to lives with a fair semblance of normality. Parents should be vigilant and take professional help.