With a grand tradition of art going all the way back to ancient civilisations, it is not surprising that India has a vibrant art culture even today. From M F Hussain, Jehangir Sabavala and S H Raza to installation artists such as Subodh Gupta, modern Indian art is diverse in its styles and appeal. Let’s look at what modern Indian art is all about and what these great painters have contributed to our art tradition.
History of Indian Art
Some of the earliest paintings in India were those made on rocks and inside caves by early inhabitants of the sub-continent thousands of years ago. The hot and humid climate of India is the reason why so little of this early art survives today. Among the few surviving samples are the paintings found in the Ajanta caves in Maharashtra which are nearly 4000 years old.
Paintings and art flourished under many of the kings who ruled over different parts of India. Among the most famous are the miniature paintings which were painted on small squares of cloth. Some of the best miniatures were created by Rajputs (people from Rajasthan) and painters working for the Mughal kings.